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A Critical Discussion of Six Nigerians: Hausa, Igbo, Middle Belt, Yoruba, Nigerians in Diaspora, and the Indigenous People; Pick National Anthem or Constitutional Reform

 A Critical Discussion of Six Nigerians: Hausa, Igbo, Middle Belt, Yoruba, Nigerians in Diaspora, and the Indigenous People; Pick National Anthem or Constitutional Reform

A Critical Discussion of Six Nigerians: Hausa, Igbo, Middle Belt, Yoruba, Nigerians in Diaspora, and the Indigenous People; Pick National Anthem or Constitutional Reform

By Francis John, TipsNews USA Editor Publisher


Nigeria, a country rich in diversity, comprises various ethnic groups, each with unique cultural identities, aspirations, and challenges. In this article, we focus on six prominent groups: the Hausa, Igbo, Middle Belt, Yoruba, Nigerians in Diaspora, and the Indigenous People. We critically discuss their needs and yearnings in the context of the recently passed bill to reinstate Nigeria’s former national anthem, compare it with the current anthem, and analyze its significance to the constitution and the nation’s unity.

The Hausa

The Hausa, predominantly found in Northern Nigeria, are known for their strong cultural heritage and influence in Nigerian politics. Their primary needs include improved security, agricultural development, and education. The resurgence of the former national anthem resonates with many Hausa, symbolizing a return to foundational values and unity.

The Igbo

The Igbo, mainly located in the Southeastern region, have historically advocated for greater political inclusion and economic development. The former national anthem’s emphasis on unity and collective progress aligns with the Igbo’s call for equity and national cohesion. The current anthem, while patriotic, lacks the emotional connection many Igbos feel towards the nation’s early post-independence aspirations.

The Middle Belt

The Middle Belt, a region characterized by ethnic and religious diversity, faces unique challenges, including communal violence and marginalization. The former national anthem, with its message of unity in diversity, holds significant appeal. The region’s inhabitants seek a constitution that ensures fair representation and addresses their socio-economic disparities.

The Yoruba

The Yoruba, located in the Southwestern part of Nigeria, have a rich cultural history and have been instrumental in the nation’s development. Their demands include better governance, infrastructure, and cultural preservation. Both national anthems have their merits, but the former anthem’s nostalgic value and emphasis on unity are particularly cherished by the Yoruba.

Nigerians in Diaspora

Nigerians in Diaspora play a critical role in the country’s economy through remittances and investments. They yearn for a stable and progressive Nigeria that values inclusivity and diversity. The debate between the former and current anthems underscores the need for a national identity that respects historical foundations while embracing modern ideals.

The Indigenous People

Indigenous groups across Nigeria, often marginalized, seek recognition and inclusion in the national narrative. The former national anthem’s inclusive language is seen as a step towards acknowledging their contributions and rights. A constitution that guarantees their protection and promotes equitable development is crucial.

Comparative Analysis of Nigeria’s National Anthems

Former National Anthem: “Nigeria, We Hail Thee”

  • Emphasizes unity and patriotism.
  • Reflects post-independence optimism.
  • Encourages national pride and service.

Current National Anthem: “Arise, O Compatriots”

  • Calls for active citizenship and nation-building.
  • Focuses on the present and future aspirations.
  • Highlights unity, faith, and progress.

Word-for-Word Comparison:

Former Anthem: Nigeria, we hail thee, Our own dear native land, Though tribe and tongue may differ, In brotherhood we stand, Nigerians all, are proud to serve Our sovereign Motherland.

Current Anthem: Arise, O Compatriots, Nigeria’s call obey, To serve our fatherland, With love and strength and faith, The labor of our heroes past, Shall never be in vain.


Both anthems emphasize unity and service to the nation but from different perspectives. The former anthem’s nostalgic appeal and its reflection of Nigeria’s early post-independence optimism contrast with the current anthem’s call for active participation and forward-looking aspirations. The debate highlights the need for a national identity that respects historical values while promoting inclusive and diverse constitutional reforms.


The return to the former national anthem symbolizes a desire to reconnect with Nigeria’s foundational values of unity and collective progress. However, it is crucial to balance this with the current anthem’s emphasis on active citizenship and nation-building. A constitution that integrates these values can foster peace, unity, and prosperity in Nigeria, addressing security, food shortages, and economic challenges.

The long-awaited follow-up to these discussions is the immediate constitution reform, which must be part of the reinstatement of the former national anthem by the National Assembly. To create an everlasting legacy, it is imperative to address the pressing issues faced by Nigerians. The country is grappling with widespread hunger, delayed minimum wage payments, lingering pensions and gratuities, and an alarming brain drain as the best and brightest flee abroad for better opportunities. This reform should ensure that the constitution reflects the inclusive and diverse values necessary to promote peace, unity, and prosperity across all regions and demographics of Nigeria. Without such measures, any changes to the national anthem will merely be seen as robbing Peter to pay Paul, failing to address the underlying systemic issues.


  1. Integrate Both Anthems: Consider a dual anthem approach that honors historical foundations while embracing modern aspirations.
  2. Constitutional Reforms: Ensure the constitution is inclusive, addressing the needs of all ethnic groups and promoting equitable development.
  3. Enhance Security: Implement comprehensive security measures to protect all citizens.
  4. Economic Policies: Develop policies to combat food shortages and inflation, ensuring sustainable development.


#Nigeria #UnityInDiversity #NationalAnthem #ConstitutionalReform #Security #EconomicDevelopment #InclusiveGrowth #Diaspora

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